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饮食与营养 第110期:同一个健康问题的探讨(03)

发表时间:2017-12-06内容来源:VOA英语学习网

So I'll walk you through a brief overview of what we're trying to do

我将简单概述一下其中的内容

and then give you some highlights of the capacity building aspects which is something I'm particularly interested in as well

简明扼要讲一下能力建设的问题,这也是我很感兴趣的一个问题

So as we go through PREDICT is really part of, is one of five initiatives that we're now at the end of year one

PREDICT是五个计划中的一个,我们现在正处在第一年末

And so PREDICT is about a $75 million grant

PREDICT大概有7500万美元的拨款

We're really charged with wildlife surveillance

我们需要负责野生动物监控

and finding out whether the passage of circulating in wildlife populations could spill over and jump to human populations

研究野生动物之间的病毒传播是否会外溢并感染人类

The next HIV-1 for example

就像艾滋病毒这样

But there are other initiatives that are part of it that are charged with capacity building for response to disease outbreaks

另外还有其它一些项目负责疾病爆发响应能力建设

for preventing future outbreaks by behavior change

通过行为改变预防未来爆发

identifying, doing laboratory capacity building, delivery gets new equipment to various hot spot regions of the world

进行实验室能力建设,将新设备运往世界的热点区域

So overall we're part of this emerging pandemic threats program funded by USAID

总之,我们属于这个新发流行病项目的一部分由USAID资助

and our very small challenge is prevent, respond to and predict really what are the next pathogens of pandemic potential

我们这部分的任务是预防,预测下一种潜在传染病病原体并作出反应

So you know, just an everyday thing to take on here

这就是我们每天要处理的事

But in a couple of areas that we were caring you see on the left, in Uganda the livestock, wildlife interface

这里是几个我们关心的地区,左侧是乌干达,家畜同野生动物的接触点

where even if we build fences to try and keep the livestock away from the wildlife for example

就算我们在野生动物和家畜之间建起篱笆

the wildlife don't know, the livestock either, right

野生动物和家畜也不会乖乖待在两边

And so what we would like to do is contain disease in small areas and have these buffers

所以我们希望将特定疾病限制在小范围地区,设立缓冲

to prevent spillover across the species that eventually might get to humans, but it's not always so clear-cut

防止物种间传染病外溢,最终传给人,但这中间没有清晰界限

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20171206/517362.html