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Recently philosophers unlike politicians have not lingered over definitions, that's a little surprising,


but have focused on the ticking bomb scenario, a hypothetical sketched by Jeremy Bentham in 19th century,

而是开始着重关注定时炸弹问题 这是Jeremy Bentham在19世纪提出的

popularized in the 20th by Michael Waltswer and revisited by Allen Dashuitz in the 21st.

一个假设在20世纪得到了Michael Waltswer的推广

could it not be right to torture an uncooperative suspect, credibly believed to know the densely populated urban location of a ticking bomb?

在21世纪又被Alan Dershowitz重新提起当一个拒绝合作的嫌疑人知道有一个定时炸弹安置在人口密集的城市地区时

The danger is imminent, the potential disaster great, potential victims innocent, helpless and numerous and the suspect uncooperative.


This is usually presented as a one off case, unique, unprecedented and not precedent setting.


Yet it is hardly unusual for decision makers to think they confronted taking bombs.


Some bombs tick slowly and softly.


In the so-called one off case, there is implicit of policy.


Sighting Bentham who reversed his initial opposition to torture,

暗示 Bentham后来也改变了自己最初对于酷刑的反对立场

Daschiszs proposes bringing back legal warrants for torture, for ticking bomb emergencies.


His goal is to substitute public accountability to reduce the incidence of what now occurs


as he puts it-below the radar screed with the participation of governments that officially disavow it.


Such warrants would of course violate international conventions.


If I understand him, Daschuitz agrees that torture is immoral but thinks regulating it a lesser evil than a band routinely violated covertly.

如果我的理解是正确的话 Dershowitz同意认为酷刑是不道德的但是认为对其进行监管要比允许别人秘密违反更好如果

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20180213/536649.html