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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:科学家称海平面继续上升2017-04-19
Scientists say sea levels are rising and will continue to do so into the future. Coastal communities around the world are already experiencing the impact of rising seas. Many cities and towns are taking steps to deal with this new reality.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:专家预测2050年地球人口将达90亿2017-04-19
Experts predict nine billion people will live on our planet by 2050. They say by that time demand for food will be two times what it is now. Officials are worried about that prediction because many people already suffer from a lack of food. More than 800
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:联邦调查局称互联网敲诈案件有所增加2017-04-19
An old Internet scam is getting some new attention lately. It is called ransomware. Ransomware is a term used for a specific type of software that locks up files or access to a computer until money is paid.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:科学家开发新设备能收集建筑物能源信息2017-04-19
Architects, engineers and building supervisors will soon be able to quickly collect information that once took weeks to measure and process.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:研究发现杀虫剂杀死野生蜜蜂2017-04-19
A new study says a widely-used insecticide is damaging wild bee populations. Wild bees are important, because they pollinate crops and wild plants.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:谷歌无人驾驶汽车正式上公共街道测试2017-04-19
This summer, the latest version of Google's self-driving car will make its first appearance on public roads. The two-seat vehicle does not need a gas pedal or steering wheel. The prototype can drive, brake and recognize road dangers without human involve
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:亚马逊收到无人机送货技术专利2017-04-19
Amazon.com has received patent rights to send its products to customers by unmanned drone aircraft. The company is the largest U.S.-based online seller of products. It delivers those products to customers electronically, by mail and by other delivery serv
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:美国每年潮汐发电达1420亿千瓦时 等于330多核电厂2017-04-19
Experts say that sun and wind are the richest sources of clean, renewable energy. But ocean waves also create powerful, clean energy. So, the U.S Department of Energy has announced a $1.5 million-dollar prize for the winner of a competition on how to capt
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:科学家使用卫星预测天气和疾病2017-04-19
Meningitis is spreading across West Africa. The brain disease is a threat every year across 21 African countries. Health officials call this area, the meningitis belt.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:美国航空航天局欲2030年载人登陆火星2017-04-19
The head of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, or NASA, said that the space agency is on track to land people on Mars in the 2030s.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:新型油漆防油和防水2017-04-19
Having an automobile can be costly. In addition to paying for fuel, the owner of a car should set aside money for an insurance policy to guard against possible damage or loss. The owner also has to pay for normal repairs, like an oil change, and other wor
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:研究人员欲研发更好的果蔬保鲜技术2017-04-19
Consumers around the world benefit from large food stores and large-scale food production. They can buy many fruits and vegetables throughout the year that were once sold only a few months out of the year. But there is a price to pay for this year-round a
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:网络服务器热能可用于家庭供暖2017-04-19
When computer servers operate a complex program, they can get very hot. Cooling the servers can be costly. So researchers asked what would happen if the heat created by the servers could be captured and used?
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:3D打印设备帮助医生治疗儿童罕见的呼吸疾病2017-04-19
You may have heard about a process called 3-D printing. It is where a machine creates a three-dimensional object -- one with height, width and depth. The machine uses plastic or a similar material to produce the object. Usually, the material is added one
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:专家认为地震和石油开采之间存在联系2017-04-19
Since 2009, earthquake activity has greatly increased in the central and eastern United States. A new report from U.S. earthquake experts links drilling for oil and gas with the rise in the number of earthquakes in those areas.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:无人驾驶飞机足够安全吗?2017-04-19
Last month, 150 people were killed when Germanwings Flight 9525 crashed in the French Alps. Officials say the co-pilot flew the airplane directly into a mountain on purpose.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:改良种子以助非洲养活自己2017-04-19
Large governmental organizations controlled the production of seeds in Africa for many years. Owners of small farms had to buy their seeds from these agencies. But now there is an effort to make seeds from other suppliers available to African farmers. The
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:哈勃望远镜服役25周年或被韦伯太空望远镜取代2017-04-19
Before the Hubble Space Telescope, people saw the field of astronomy differently than they do today. American spacecraft did provide detailed pictures of Jupiter and Saturn, planets in our own solar system. But deep space, the place where nebulae and gala
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:改变植物基因或能增加产量2017-04-19
Plants have a biological clock that tells them when to produce leaves, seeds and other growth. A new study says understanding that clock may help scientists develop crops that can feed a growing population in an increasingly warmer world.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:新型可穿戴附加设备有效减轻腿部肌肉的负荷2017-04-19
Devices that help people walk were once thought to be difficult, if not impossible, to design. Until recently, such a device required electricity from an external power supply. Now, American scientists have built a small, wearable addition to normal shoes
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:首尔气候变化会议展示环境投资与受益2017-04-19
The South Korean capital Seoul demonstrated some of its investments in technology at a climate change conference earlier this month. The conference was called to explore what city governments can do to reduce air pollution, increase energy efficiency and
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:研究发现使用抗生素有助农场提高动物密度2017-04-19
A new study has found the amount of antibiotics given to farm animals is expected to increase by two-thirds over the next 15 years. Researchers are linking the growing dependence on the drugs to rising demand for meat, milk and eggs.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:苹果智能手表全球最佳但并不适合所有人2017-04-19
After several days of using the new Apple Watch, many reviewers called it the best smart watch but others wondered if the watch is for everyone.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:转基因大米惹大争议2017-04-19
Scientists in the Philippines are working to make changes to rice. They hope these changes will help solve one of the world's biggest health issues: the lack of Vitamin A.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:美国航天员科特·凯利将在太空站逗留一年2017-04-19
An American astronaut is beginning a year long trip in space. NASA Astronaut Scott Kelly is traveling to the International Space Station for the second time. Mr. Kelly says that this time in space would present a greater challenge than his first visit.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:在夏威夷模拟居住在火星上的体验2017-04-19
For generations, people have dreamed of traveling to Mars to explore Earth's closest planetary neighbor. NASA and other space agencies have announced plans to send people to the Red Planet. But such a manned mission is years away.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:伊朗将建立一个“清真”互联网2017-04-19
For years, officials in Iran have talked about building what they call a Halal Internet – an Internet for Iranians completely separate from the rest of the world. Recently, government officials in Iran unveiled a new measure in their continuing effort to
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:太阳能飞机启动环球飞行2017-04-19
A Swiss airplane powered only by energy from the sun left from Abu Dhabi early on March 9. Its creators hope the plane will make the first around-the-world journey without any fuel.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:苹果公司发布苹果手表2017-04-19
Tim Cook, the CEO of Apple, showed off their newest device, the Apple Watch. Mr. Cook said it is the "most personal" device Apple has ever created.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:伊朗与美国一边核谈判一边增加网络攻击2017-04-19
The top U.S. and Iranian diplomats have been holding almost weekly meetings in an effort to finish an agreement on nuclear weapons. However, a website called The Intercept says that a "cyber war," attacks against computer networks, is taking place behin
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:狗可以识别你的喜怒哀乐2017-04-19
So you think you know your dog. But how well does your dog know you? She probably recognizes you when she sees you. But can a dog tell by simply looking at you whether you have a happy or an angry expression on your face?
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:九种方法可以避免黑客入侵保护自己2017-04-19
An increase in cyber-attacks and identity theft make the Internet seem like a scary place these days. The hacking of Sony Pictures led the news for some time. The U. S. State Department public email system was shut down. Even the White House was a target
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:合成疫苗能消灭脊髓灰质炎?2017-04-19
More than fifty years ago, researchers developed an oral vaccine against the deadly virus, polio. The vaccine, taken by mouth, is credited with almost stopping the spread of polio. Now, researchers are looking ahead to the time when the disease will exist
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:孟加拉国农民使用创新方法种植农作物2017-04-19
Many areas of cropland in Bangladesh are becoming unfit for farming. The land is becoming salty. It is a big problem for the small country. More than 155 million people live in Bangladesh. Growing crops is the most common way Bangladeshis support themselv
qile177:Animal Weapons Offer Lessons for Human Arms Race2017-04-19
When animals fight for mates, food and territory, they use the weapons they were born with: teeth and claws, horns and hooves. Human animals can use their hands and feet, but they also fight with knives, guns and bombs.
qile177:Hawaii Prepares for Possible Tsunami2017-04-19
Scientists say rising temperatures on Earth's surface are to blame for rising sea levels. The reality of rising sea levels means many coastal and island communities are at risk when a tsunami strikes. The island state of Hawaii is taking steps to prepare
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:研究人员回忆发现露西骨架始末2017-04-19
It has been more than 40 years since the discovery of the early human skeleton named Lucy. The old bones were found in Ethiopia. Lucy is one of the most famous finds of the 20th century. She helped researchers better understand the history of human beings
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:太阳能飞机环球旅行2017-04-19
The makers and pilots of a solar-powered plane will try to fly it around the world beginning next month. The plane is called Solar Impulse 2, or SI-2. It arrived in pieces recently in Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:手机应用程序传承非洲的民间故事2017-04-19
For hundreds of years, Africans have preserved their history through storytelling. But, some Africans worry that oral traditions will be lost to Internet connections and social media.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:NASA航天器“黎明号” 接近到达“矮行星”2017-04-19
An American spacecraft is moving closer to a dwarf planet called Ceres. The American space agency's Dawn spacecraft is set to reach the planet-like object in March.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:移动计算机实验室帮助内罗毕贫民窟数千居民2017-04-19
Kawangware is one of the fastest-growing slums in Nairobi, Kenya. It is also the poorest. Most of the 300,000 people who live there try to survive on less than $1 a day.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:美国国家航空航天局保持关注地球的健康2017-04-19
The past year has been the busiest 12-month period for the American space agency in more than 10 years. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NASA, launched three missions in 2014. It began a fourth project earlier this month. A fifth launch
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:3D打印技术为医生提供心脏3D模型2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Researchers are now using three-dimensional, or 3D printing to create models of the human heart to help heart specialists. The heart doctors can use the models to better help patients before an ope
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:科学家制造出一秒拍摄数十亿帧的高速相机2017-04-19
Imagine a camera that can take one hundred billion pictures a second -- that is enough to record the fastest movements in the universe.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:斯坦福大学研发自动冷却的建筑物高科技材料2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Researchers at Stanford University have developed a new material that can move heat out of buildings and into space. The researchers say the material can cool buildings even on hot days.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:研究发现治疗两大眼睛疾病的新方法2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness around the world. In the United States alone, more than two million people suffer from the disease.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:CES展出多款可穿戴设备和联网家电2017-04-19
The Consumer Electronics Show is held yearly in the western American city of Las Vegas, Nevada. It is one of the largest technology shows in the world. Technology companies and experts from around the world come to the event to see, hear and talk about th
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:美国学生制造机器人发现水下未爆炸的水雷2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Many teachers believe that hands-on experiences is the best way to learn. A group of students in the United Sates is putting that belief to the test.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:专家称高成本致飞机自动追踪难普及2017-04-19
It's been 10 months since Malaysia Airlines flight 370 disappeared. Despite search efforts that stretched from the South China Sea to the Indian Ocean, the plane remains lost.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:外科医生利用3D打印技术拯救生命2017-04-19
Researchers are now using three-dimensional, or 3D printing to create models of the human heart to help heart specialists. The heart doctors can use the models to better help patients before an operation.

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