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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:



3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

Former technology industry leaders are calling for urgent measures to protect children from smartphone addiction. They say they hope to lead a “cultural awakening” about the dangers of technology.
For the first time in history, a robot has completed a college-level class. Bina48 could change the future of education.
Today, we will tell you about words English has taken from African languages. Many of these words entered English as a result of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade.
Research is important to higher education around the world. But the process of getting funding has grown more complex. Some experts suggest that schools should support researcher in the process of seeking funding or grants.
Some international students might see their weakness in the English language as a major barrier to seeking a college degree in the United States. But a growing number of schools offer a possible solution.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:人工智能在阅读测试中已胜过人类2018-01-25
Machines with artificial intelligence have performed better than human beings in a high-level test of reading and reading comprehension. Two natural language processing tools received higher scores than humans in the tests.
The number of suicides in the United States is on the rise. Some experts say college students are facing a mental health crisis. And a new report finds that many of the largest colleges and universities do not keep records of suicide deaths.
With the cost of a college education in the United States haven risen greatly over the past 30 years, students need all the financial support they can get. Luckily many schools offer some form of aid. But the process of applying for it can be complex.
Different programs help inmates in the US earn college degrees while serving prison sentences.
How to Watch Television’ and Tree Climbing’ are just some of the classes offered at colleges and universities in the United States with unusual names. But even with such strange names, they do offer students a lot of important lessons.
Large language classes are difficult for many teachers. In today’s teacher tips, we discuss ways to manage these classes with success.
Large language classes are difficult for many teachers. In today’s teacher tips, we discuss ways to manage these classes with success.
There are many steps for students seeking admission to colleges and universities, especially at schools in the United States. One admissions official says it is important for students to start this process early, so nothing falls behind.
On a recent program, we explained that knowing just a few root words in English can help you understand the meaning of hundreds more word...
Most college students in the U.S. hold jobs. Working part-time can benefit learners in some ways. But working too much can lead to serious problems.
A TOEFL score may be necessary to get a student visa to an English-speaking country. Some businesses and even government offices use the test scores to measure the English language abilities of their employees.
In the United States, most college students often have some kind of job while they are taking classes. But working for the college or university at which they are stUS, Canadian Universities Aim to Make Student Jobs More Meaningfuludying can provide a val
English has been called one the most difficult languages for non-native speakers to learn. One reason is that English has so many rules – and almost as many exceptions of those rules!
Students are not alone when it comes time for them to apply to colleges and universities. Their parents are often the people that want to help the most. But do parents always know best?
The Roma are among Europes most disadvantaged populations. Across the continent, a high number of Roma experience social exclusion: They are often treated differently from other Europeans in the workplace, in housing and education.
Every college and university in the United States is different, and they all compete with one another. But one thing they share is finding ways to help low-income and first generation students. And now a group of 11 schools is working tUS Universities Wor
For the past two years, over one million international students have attended colleges and universities in the United States. However, the number of new international students fell during the 2016-2017 school year. Some people think the number might conti
Students all over the world cheat in classes at every level of education. But several experts say students who cheat are only harming themselves. And professors can do more to prevent it.
qile177:Take a Break From Essay Writing with Dialogue Journals2017-11-11
Writing may be one of the most hated exercises in a classroom. Rarely do students celebrate when the teacher asks them to do a writing activity. Joy Peyton says there is good reason for that: much of the writing is often formal.
A new study finds that Europe lead the world in English language proficiency, followed closely by Asia. The private education company Education First released the findings on Wednesday.
Many young people who want to go to college think mostly about what they will get out of higher education in the end. But one admissions official argues that college admissions process can teach students a lot about themselves.
The RISE program aims to provide paid job experience for high schools students in jobs that can become careers. It is part of an effort by Montgomery County in the state of Maryland to develop and keep jobs in the area.
About a third of U.S. college students transfer from one institution to another at some point during their education. But a growing amount of research shows this process causes problems for many students.
Indian Nations are trying different ways to expand the number of native speakers, and increase interest in their communities to learn tribal languages.
Indian Nations are trying different ways to expand the number of native speakers, and increase interest in their communities to learn tribal languages.
Many sources offer information about higher education decisions. But a new study from Strada Education Network and Gallup finds that some of those sources are more useful than others.
There are thousands of colleges and universities across the United States that provide high-quality education. But many international students still only apply to the most famous ones. Some experts believe they would increase their chances of acceptance i
Chances are college students will take jobs after graduation not connected to their majors. Three deans at North Carolina State University are trying to prepare students for this uncertainty about their future plans.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:网站致力于帮助青年完成大学申请2017-10-02
A new website offer help to high school seniors working their way through the college application process.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:全球高校TOP100排名 欧美领衔 中国3所入围2017-10-01
American and Western European universities continue to be the majority of highest ranked schools on the list. Chinese schools are starting to grow in ranks
Two heads are better than one. Or so the expression goes. It means that two people working together have a better chance of solving a problem than one person alone. But not everyone likes working with others – especially when that means working in a group
Community colleges have existed in the United States since the 1800s. They are publicly-supported institutions that offer higher education at lower costs than other colleges and universities. Their popularity has increased in recent years as a way of help
Laura Grey loves learning languages. She can speak and understand five languages and she is learning many more. Although she has a learning disability, she has found ways to learn what she loves.
Every college and university in the United States expects different things from future students. Applying to college can be a difficult and stressful process. But the Common Application is an effort on the part of over 730 schools worldwide to reduce barr
School leaders who have experienced similar natural disasters share their advice on how school districts can recover after a natural disaster like Hurricane Harvey. Addressing physical and emotional damage the first priority
School leaders who have experienced similar natural disasters share their advice on how school districts can recover after a natural disaster like Hurricane Harvey. Addressing physical and emotional damage the first priority
In 2011, the Obama administration announced rules to fight sexual assaults at colleges and universities in the United States. But critics saw the rules as unfair to victims and those accused. Now, Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos promises to make change
If you are standing in front of an iceberg, it might look like the largest thing youve ever seen. But, youre still only seeing the small part above the water. About 90 percent of the iceberg is below the water. The same idea relates to culture, explains A
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:学校面临着保护言论自由的压力2017-09-04
Some colleges are promising that speakers with different, even controversial opinions, will be allowed to speak during the current school year.
Digital technology has become very important in almost every part of everyday life around the world. But how helpful is it for students and their learning? Educators and experts debate on either side of this issue.
At some colleges, students do not get traditional grades from A to F. Instead, they get detailed, written evaluations of their work.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:美国民众对宪章学校支持度下降2017-08-25
Americans support for charter schools has dropped significantly in the past year, says a new survey. Fewer Americans oppose other types of school choice programs, such as vouchers. The results of the survey have not discouraged charter school proponents.
Creating an equal classroom environment means using gender-sensitive materials. Here are strategies for identifying gender inequality in teaching materials and how they can be adapted.
Finding and applying to colleges can be a very difficult task for anyone, let alone a young person right out of high school. That is why one college admissions officer suggests some helpful resources future college students can use to ease that process.
The most effective classrooms are the most fair. Here are strategies to help teachers create equal and supportive environments for both male and female students.
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