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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

qile177:流感病毒比战争更致命2017-12-06
The year 2018 will mark the 100th anniversary of the deadliest influenza outbreak in history. Scientists estimate that the influenza pandemic of 1918 killed more than 50 million people around the world. Other estimates go much higher.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:美国官员:已具备消灭艾滋病的能力2017-12-02
Friday, December 1st marks World AIDS Day. Over the past 30 years, there has been considerable progress in containing HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. However, much work still needs to be done.
qile177:自闭症儿童:“不同,而不是更少”2017-11-30
One in every 160 children worldwide has some form for autism spectrum disorder, also called ASD. This estimate comes from the United Nations’ World Health Organization.
qile177:自闭症儿童:“不同,而不是更少”2017-11-29
One in every 160 children worldwide has some form for autism spectrum disorder, also called ASD. This estimate comes from the United Nations’ World Health Organization.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:吃南瓜的好处多多2017-11-24
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. There is one food that takes center stage during autumn – the pumpkin! Many people use this orange gourd as a decoration at Halloween. But we also use it in many foods that are popular duri
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:吃南瓜的好处多多2017-11-23
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. There is one food that takes center stage during autumn – the pumpkin! Many people use this orange gourd as a decoration at Halloween. But we also use it in many foods that are popular duri
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:美国“重新定义”高血压2017-11-17
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. Recently, two leading heart organizations changed the definition of what it means to have high blood pressure. Because of this change, the number of Americans with high blood pressure jumpe
qile177:改善心理健康的食物2017-11-15
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. There is an old saying: You are what you eat. When you eat the right foods, you feel...
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:研究人员对富人和穷人之间的“痛苦差距”感到震惊2017-11-08
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. A new study on pain management around the world has shocked researchers. The study found that many people in poor and middle-income countries suffer unimaginable pain without any help.
qile177:一种控制情绪、减压的方法2017-11-01
One Method for Controlling Emotions & Stress From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. Fear, anger, hate and sadness: These are four emotions that can affect how we ...
qile177:与婴儿谈话的好处2017-10-27
Researchers at Princeton University found a new way to show differences in adults speaking to babies, compared to adults speaking to other adults.
qile177:研究发现男女差异化在小时候已经开始了2017-10-04
No matter where they live, children get a strong message about what is expected of them as they grow up. And, in most countries in the world, these expectations are closely tied to gender.
qile177:世界卫生组织称减低传染病致死人数正取得进展2017-09-27
The World Health Organization (WHO) says progress is being made in reducing deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). But it says much more needs to be done to save the almost 40 million people who die every year from preventable causes.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:“对不起”或不能帮助被你拒绝的人2017-09-26
New research finds that saying you’re sorry often doesn’t help the person you’re rejecting.
qile177:正确处理返校压力(二)2017-09-20
It is back-to-school time in the United States. Back-to-school stress is different for different ages. Younger children may feel scared to leave their families. Making new friends and dealing with bullying can also cause stress for students. Older student
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:媒体不应该“炒作”自杀2017-09-17
In the United States, September is Suicide Prevention Month. The World Health Organization says that every year about 800,000 people commit suicide around the world.
qile177:正确处理返校压力2017-09-13
Leaving behind the carefree days of summer and starting school with routines, homework and expenses can be stressful for everyone -- children, parents and teachers. But you can do some things to help reduce stress. This is important especially for stresse
qile177:正念训练有助改善酗酒行为2017-09-11
A small experiment shows that mindfulness training exercises may help people who drink large amounts of alcohol. Mindfulness is a method of quietly, but fully, experiencing what is happening in the present, both in and around you.
qile177:“偷懒”对孩子们有好处吗?2017-09-06
Something happens to many children when they are out of school over the summer months. It is called the summer slide. This may sound like a ride at a water park. But it’s not.
qile177:越来越多的美国人死于毒品2017-08-30
In 2016, more than 60,000 people died in the United States because of drugs. That is the highest number of drug deaths and the fastest yearly increase in recorded history. Early data suggests that deaths from opioids and other drugs will continue to rise
qile177:勤做运动避免“手机颈”2017-08-24
Staring down at your phone or tablet for long periods of time puts great tension on your neck and spine. Many people who use tech devices also hunch their shoulders forward. Muscle strain linked to hand-held technology has become such a common condition t
qile177:勤做运动避免“手机颈”2017-08-23
Staring down at your phone or tablet for long periods of time puts great tension on your neck and spine. Many people who use tech devices also hunch their shoulders forward. Muscle strain linked to hand-held technology has become such a common condition t
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:闲聊让我们更快乐2017-08-16
Many people find these small conversations about random topics difficult. Some people say they hate it. Others say small talk is a waste of time. They may even call it idle chitchat or idle chatter, meaning it doesn’t do anything. However, small talk is i
qile177:母乳喂养对母亲也有好处2017-08-09
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. World Breastfeeding Week is an annual celebration held during the first week in August in more than 120 countries. The celebration aims to raise awareness about the health and economic bene
qile177:普通蔬菜有助缓解糖尿病病情2017-08-02
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. Diabetes is a serious, chronic disease on the rise around the world. And, not everyone can take the medication that treats it. However, researchers have discovered that a compound found in
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:友谊有助提高你的健康与幸福感2017-07-26
Are Friends Better Than Family for Your Health? From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. You can choose your friends, but you cant choose your famil...
qile177:冥想可以减少压力、增强注意力2017-07-19
A mind filled with fear and bad thoughts is an unquiet mind. When you are worried, it can be hard to direct your attention on even a minor problem. For some people, this can interfere with work, sleep and other activities.
qile177:橄榄油可以保护我们的大脑2017-07-12
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. The health value of a Mediterranean diet is widely known. Fruits, vegetables and fish are main foods in this diet.
qile177:依靠衣装依然是金科玉律?2017-07-05
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. American English has many expressions related to clothes. Two of the more common ones are: Dress for the job you want, not for the job you have; and, simply, Dress for success.
qile177:睡眠可以帮助我们学习2017-06-28
We humans spend about one-third of their lives asleep. This may sound like a lot of time, but it is not wasted. Sleep helps us stay healthy, but it also helps our brains remember. Our brains need good sleep to remember what we do and learn during the othe
qile177:能降低血压的水果蔬菜2017-06-21
Researchers at the University of Southern California’s Keck School of Medicine have found another great reason to eat more fruits and vegetables. They say that potassium-rich foods like sweet potatoes, avocados, spinach and bananas could help to lower you
qile177:研究称世界上三分之一的人口超重2017-06-19
A new study finds one third of the world’s population is overweight or considered obese. Obesity is increasing faster in children than adults in many nations, the report said. But the world’s weight problem is growing in both rich and poor countries alike
qile177:丰富藻类或能为人类提供食物2017-06-19
A group of researchers in California may have found a way to get protein to hungry people.
qile177:运动有效降低乳腺癌风险2017-06-19
A recent study found that the women who drank about 10 grams of alcohol a day had a five percent increased risk of breast cancer.
qile177:健康的生活方式减低结肠癌死亡风险2017-06-19
Researchers say people treated for colon cancer can greatly reduce their risk of death and of the cancer progressing, by living more healthfully.
qile177:人类的胃与大脑的潜在联系2017-06-19
A new study provides more evidence that there is a deep connection between our gut and our brains. The findings suggest that probiotics -- so-called good bacteria that aid in digestion -- may also help to lessen symptoms of depression.
qile177:吃椰子有益健康吗?2017-06-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. Americans love food trends. Much like clothing, some foods are more popular at times than others. The United States is currently experiencing a coconut craze.
qile177:走路——女性健康特效药2017-06-19
If you want to get healthy or stay healthy, there is one easy activity to add to your day – walking.
qile177:你睡眠充足吗?2017-05-17
We spend about one-third of our lives asleep. This may sound like a lot of time, but it is not wasted. Our bodies need sleep to stay healthy. Not getting enough sleep, or as we sometimes say shut-eye, can make us sick.
qile177:遵循这些规矩增加邮件回复率2017-05-16
A study on emails found that several factors affect whether or not you get a reply to your email.
qile177:吹口琴对身体和灵魂都有好处2017-05-12
The musical instrument called the harmonica is being used by caregivers around the U.S. to treat people with lung disease. Ninety-seven-year-old Jack Hopkins could not agree more. He has been playing the harmonica for more than 90 years.
qile177:远程办公的优点和缺点2017-05-10
For many jobs, workers no longer need to be in a fixed office building. People can telework: they can work from home or anyplace where they can access the necessary technology. For example, I wrote this story on a backyard porch in the mountains of West V
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:学习如何预防骨质疏松2017-05-02
You may not realize it, but your bones are living tissue. And that tissue is always breaking down and re-growing.
qile177:口罩能防空气污染吗?2017-04-25
With all this pollution in the air, many people try to protect themselves and reduce their exposure. So, some people use face masks. You may have seen pictures of people wearing such masks in big cities like Beijing and Tokyo.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:低学历的中年白人正加速“绝望死去”2017-04-21
New research finds that white, middle-aged Americans without college-level educations are dying at higher rates than those with more education. These deaths of despair. They are caused by suicide, drug overdose and alcohol-related diseases.
qile177:世卫:环境污染致每年数百万儿童死亡2017-04-21
Breathing pollutants in childhood can lead to increased risk of chronic respiratory diseases or other health problems later in life.
qile177:观看电子屏幕多长时间谓之过量?2017-04-21
Health experts in the U.S. gave suggested new guidelines for children and screen time. Other experts say children can handle much more screen time than we think.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:心脏钙积聚增加早逝风险2017-04-21
Researchers say it was easy to recognize small amounts of calcium in the arteries of young people. They said the study can be a “call to action” for doctors and their patients to begin taking action to prevent a heart attack or early death.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:世卫称新抗生素能治疗“超级细菌”2017-04-21
The World Health Organization (WHO) has made an appeal to scientists, drug manufacturers and governments. The WHO wants them to work together to develop drugs to fight 12 bacteria. These bacteria are able to resist powerful antibiotic drugs. The resistanc
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕[翻译]:吃烤面包易致癌?2017-04-21
Many Americans have toasted bread first thing in the morning. For some, the morning meal also includes hash browned potatoes. Or later in the day, they might enjoy potato chips or crispy French fries. But if you like any of these foods cooked until they a
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