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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:为马拉维提供免费教育2017-12-12
Malawi Woman Resists Early Marriage, Provides Education to Girls Girls on the Move Secondary School is a symbol of hope for girls from poor families in Malawi. The school is free and welcomes y...
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:伦敦举办普林斯(王子)音乐展2017-12-12
The exhibition follows Prince’s long career as a recording artist. Among the personal possessions are made-to-order guitars, notepads of handwritten song lyrics and clothing worn in his music videos and films.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:研究人员确认导致柑橘绿化疾病的分子2017-12-12
The discovery could help citrus farmers stop a disease that can orange and similar crops. Citrus greening disease is considered one of the most serious diseases affecting those important crops.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:火星表面真有水吗?2017-12-11
American scientists believe that dark markings on the Red Planet represent sand – not water. Their findings are not confirmed, and researchers note that many questions remain.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:著名美国建筑师的沙漠之家带来大量人群2017-12-11
Many people visit Taliesin West in Arizona. It was the winter home of Frank Lloyd Wright, who designed hundreds of famous buildings.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:印度妇女使用法律武器获得应有权利2017-12-11
A law that permits Indians to get information about their government is helping a group of women in Delhi get needed services. The women have led a successful campaign demanding that city officials improve access to water, waste removal services and trans
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:卢旺达资助女孩接受STEM教育2017-12-10
The Rwandan government has made increasing science and technology careers and education a major goal for its future.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:联合国将那不勒斯披萨列入“人类非物质文化遗产”2017-12-10
This week, UNESCO added to its Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity list. It included Neapolitan pizza-making, among others.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:强风继续助长加州野火2017-12-10
In the past five days, the fires have destroyed at least 500 buildings and forced 190,000 people to leave their homes, California officials said. More than 5,700 people, some in helicopters, are trying to slow the spread of six large wildfires and other s
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:研究:石油泄漏导致尼日利亚婴儿死亡率上升2017-12-09
A new study has found that babies have a higher chance of dying in their first few weeks of life if their mothers live close to an oil spill. Researchers studied information about babies dying and oil spills in the Niger Delta area of southern Nigeria.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:卢浮宫阿布扎比博物馆展出达·芬奇画作《耶稣基督》2017-12-09
This is What’s Trending Today… A Leonardo da Vinci painting of Jesus Christ that recently sold for a record $450 million is heading to the Lo...
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:伊斯兰国在现实和信息战场双溃败2017-12-09
The self-declared Islamic State (IS) group is close to defeat in Syria and Iraq. Now, some observers say the group’s hope of winning the information war is also failing. They say IS propagandists are unable to say their side is winning.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:洛杉矶附近出现野火险情2017-12-08
A dangerous wildfire has started in the Bel Air area of Los Angeles, California, as firefighters battle three other fires across Southern California. The latest wildfire reached the side of the busy Interstate 405 through the Santa Monica Mountains. It st
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:《时代》杂志将“打破沉默者”列为年度人物2017-12-08
This is What’s Trending Today... Time Magazine has named the Silence Breakers -- those who have publicly shared their stories of sexual abuse -- as its 2017 Person of the Year.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:英国挫败针对英国首相的恐怖袭击阴谋2017-12-08
The British domestic intelligence service says it stopped a plot by two men to use bombs and a knife to attack Britain’s Prime Minister Teresa May at her home.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:巴西环保人士将于2018年角逐总统职位2017-12-07
Former Brazilian senator Marina Silva plans to seek her party’s nomination for the presidency next year. Silva announced her plans at a meeting of her Sustainability Network Party last weekend. The Reuters news agency says the party would officially nomin
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:国际奥委会禁止俄罗斯参加韩国平昌冬奥会2017-12-07
The IOC ruled today to suspend Russia from the Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea. Russian athletes can still compete under an Olympic flag – provided they meet specific conditions.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:特朗普欲承认耶路撒冷为以色列首都惹争议2017-12-07
U.S. President Donald Trump told Palestinian and Jordanian leaders on Tuesday that he intends to move the U.S. embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. A Palestinian spokesman said Trump called Palestine President Mahmoud Abbas on Tuesday. Trump info
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:也门胡塞叛军称前总统萨利赫已被杀2017-12-06
Houthi rebels in Yemen say former president Ali Abdullah Saleh has been killed. The death was announced Monday by a Houthi-run television station. An official with Yemen’s internationally recognized government confirmed to the Associated Press that Saleh
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:洪都拉斯总统选举已过去一周 结果仍未出炉2017-12-06
With 99.96 percent of the votes counted, President Juan Orlando Hernandez holds a small lead. But his opponent, Salvador Nasralla, has accused the government of stealing the election and called for street protests.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:法国香奈儿:无计划开设网店2017-12-05
Chanel is one of the last businesses in the fashion industry to turn to the internet for selling products. Many of its competitors are experimenting with websites to find buyers.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:好莱坞终于有了自己的电影博物馆2017-12-05
A new Hollywood film museum is set to open in 2019, more than 90 years after it was first proposed.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:科学家没有找到雪人存在的任何证据2017-12-04
For decades, the Yeti has appeared regularly in popular culture. New research finds that Yeti-related evidence points to bears and even a dog, not an ape-man.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:污染、过度捕捞威胁柬埔寨重要湖泊2017-12-04
The Tonle Sap is home to hundreds of kinds of fish. Fishing crews catch as much as 300,000 tons of fish in the lake every year. The fish are said to provide Cambodia with up to 60 percent of its protein needs. But things are changing.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:法国香奈儿:无计划开设网店2017-12-04
Chanel is one of the last businesses in the fashion industry to turn to the internet for selling products. Many of its competitors are experimenting with websites to find buyers.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:空气高度污染影响印度新德里无家可归者2017-12-03
This is the second consecutive year that pollution levels in New Delhi have risen to 30 times the safe amount. Doctors tell people not to walk outside when the air quality is bad. But for many of the homeless, staying inside can be difficult.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:特朗普的前顾问承认对FBI撒谎2017-12-03
Michael Flynn is the first official from President Donald Trump’s administration to plead guilty in an investigation led by Special Counsel Robert Mueller. The special counsel is examining possible ties between Russia and the Trump presidential campaign i
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:新的研究表明狗可能比猫更聪明2017-12-02
This is What’s Trending Today. Are you a cat person or a dog person? People around the world are bitterly divided about which animal i...
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:白血病患者获肯尼亚小学全国考试最高分2017-12-02
This year, almost one million primary school children took the Kenya Certificate of Primary Education exam, known as the KCPE. The student with highest marks was an albino girl.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:孟加拉国兴建十万人难民营安置罗兴亚人2017-12-01
The plan would put the refugees on Bhashan Char, an island in the Bay of Bengal that floods frequently. Bangladesh’s government approved the plan on Tuesday to develop the island, despite criticism from humanitarian workers. They have said the island is n
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:特朗普威胁要对朝鲜进行“重大制裁”2017-12-01
Trump wrote on Twitter that he spoke with Chinese President Xi Jinping about North Korea’s latest missile launch. He said that additional major sanctions will be imposed on North Korea today.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:幼儿园小朋友体验农场生活2017-12-01
Young kids love to play outside. But today, more than ever, as youngsters spend their days in kindergarten and preschool and day care, they are confined indoors for long hours. A new school in Hamilton, Virginia, is turning that situation around.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:土耳其、伊朗与卡塔尔签署贸易协议2017-12-01
The agreement among the three countries comes as Qatar faces trade restrictions from its neighbors. It also is a sign of growing ties between Turkey and Iran, which competes with Saudi Arabia for influence in the Middle East.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:NBC否认了马特·劳尔关于性侵的报道2017-12-01
Matt Lauer is the latest well-known American man to be brought down by abuse accusations in recent weeks.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:朝鲜再次试射另一枚洲际弹道导弹2017-11-30
President Donald Trump spoke about the launch during a meeting with congressional leaders at the White House. He said the United States, in his words, “will take care of it." He did not offer any details.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:2017 Dictionary年度词汇:Complicit2017-11-30
Every year, language researchers and dictionary publishers choose a Word of the Year. The word often reflects the news or social media trends during the year.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:电视主持人或胜出洪都拉斯总统选举2017-11-30
Early results in the Honduran presidential election show that a television host has a surprise lead over the country’s current leader.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:孟加拉国兴建十万人难民营安置罗兴亚人2017-11-30
The plan would put the refugees on Bhashan Char, an island in the Bay of Bengal that floods frequently. Bangladesh’s government approved the plan on Tuesday to develop the island, despite criticism from humanitarian workers. They have said the island is n
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:联合国:也门是“地球上最糟糕的孩子”2017-11-29
Fighting between the Saudi-supported government in Yemen and Iran-supported Houthi rebels has prevented aid from reaching Yemen. UNICEF’s Middle East director is calling the country one of the worst places on Earth to be a child.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:教皇方济各会见缅甸军事领袖2017-11-29
Pope Francis met Monday with Myanmar’s military chief before the official start of his visit to the Southeast Asian country. The Vatican did not provide many details of the Pope’s 15-minute courtesy visit with General Min Aung Hlaing.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:金属回收企业为电动汽车潮做准备2017-11-28
Recycling businesses are improving processes to remove metals from old batteries.Their hope is to take advantage of an expected shortage of materials, such as cobalt and lithium, when sales of electric cars start rising. Even if battery supplies are low,
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:向野生鸟类投食把人与自然联系在一起2017-11-28
On of American’s favorite hobbies is feeding birds. This helps connect with nature.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:演员康伯巴奇在《当前的战争》中扮演爱迪生2017-11-27
The Weinstein Company planned to release its new film The Current War in the United States this week. But the opening has been delayed until next year.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:美国企业为城市居民提供种植水果和蔬菜技术2017-11-27
How do you get the freshest, locally grown fruits and vegetables in a big city? For an increasing number of Americans, the answer is to ...
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:津巴布韦新总统宣誓就职并承诺改革2017-11-26
Emmerson Mnangagwa was sworn-in as the countrys president on Friday, ending 37 years of rule by Robert Mugabe. Long-time president Robert Mugabe failed to attend the swearing-in ceremony for Zimbabwe’s new president.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:埃及清真寺遭遇恐怖袭击 超过230人死亡2017-11-26
Egyptian officials said suspected militants attacked the Islamic center during Friday prayer services.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:绵羊能识别人脸2017-11-25
University of Cambridge scientists have trained sheep to recognize the faces of famous people. Researchers hope to use the animals to better understand disorders of the human brain.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:成千上万海地人将被美国驱逐2017-11-25
This week, a Trump administration official told reporters that the conditions in Haiti had improved, in her words, such that they no longer prevent nationals of Haiti from returning safely.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:感恩节吃火鸡的来源2017-11-24
The U.S. Thanksgiving holiday is symbolized by its traditional food, a large bird we call a turkey. But turkey is certainly not from Turkey. In fact, its English name is based on one big mistake.
该音频有LRC字幕 qile177附字幕:美国前体操医生承认性侵行为2017-11-24
A former USA Gymnastics doctor has told a court in the United States that he is guilty of sexual assault connected to his work with ...
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